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Beverly, MA is a city in in Essex County. It is situated approximately 30 miles away from Boston, the capital of Massachusetts State. It lies on a total area of 22.6 square miles and 33.19% is water. Route 128 connects Beverly with Boston. The city also a terminus of 4 different routes: Route 22, Route 62, Route 97 and Route 127.
The area of Beverly was originally part of Salem and was first settled in 1626 by Roger Conant. Beverly was officially incorporated in 1668, when it got the name ‘Beverley’ after the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
In 1878 Beverly had the largest cotton mill throughout the whole USA, which granted it the name “the birthplace of the American Industrial Revolution”. The town was incorporated as a city in 1894.
There are two islands that are part of Beverley, namely Great Misery Island and Little Misery Island, which are reservation lands. The city has a great harbor with alot of coves, and the mouths of Porter River, Waters River, Crane River, Bass River, North River and Danvers River. All rivers flow eventually into the Atlantic Ocean.
The western part of the city is more urbanized with industrial areas while the eastern part remained rural. The city itself has many parks, beaches, the Beverly Golf and Tennis Club (which was established in 1910), and the Jubilee and Bass Haves yacht clubs.
The town is bordered by Massachusetts Bay and Salem in the south, Manchester-by-the-sea in the east, Wenham to the north and Danvers river from the west.
The population of the city has been growing since 1790. There wereonly minor setbacks in the history, in 1820-30, 1980 and in 2010. During the census of 2010, there were 39,502 people living in Beverly that consisted of 16,641 households and 9,906 families. The population density per square mile was 2,617.2 people in 2010. The average size of households was 2.39. The 16,641 households include 28.8% that had children under 18, 50.1% married couples, 9.7% female householders, 37.1% non-families, 29.9% of individuals and 11.4% individuals over 65 years.
The population spread out 21.7% under 18, 9% between 18 and 24 years, 30.9% between 25 and 44, 22.8% between 45 and 64, and 15.6% of people over 65 years. This results in a median age of 38. The average income of households was $53,984 during the time of the census, which was $28,626 per capita. Out of the whole population of Beverly, 6.5% of the age group of under 18 and 5.2% from over 65 were below the poverty line.
The city is a home of many schools. To begin with, there are 5 elementary schools: North Beverly, Hannah, Cove, Centerville and Ayers Ryal Side. Briscoe Middle School awaits children of grades 6-8. There is another high school in this area, Recovery High School that is a special educational site for those children who suffer from drug and alcohol addictions. Beverly High School educates children of 9-12 grades and by today it enrolls more than 1300 students. Beverly also has a college, Endicott College that has 23 Bachelor programs and 5 Master’s program. Besides all these, Beverly is the home of a private four-year visual arts college, the Monserrat College of Arts.
It is understood that a revision of this last in the light of the current discussion may be expected in a year or two. None of these reports have official authority but stand simply as the recommendations of the individuals making up the committee. This latest document differs so much from the 1916 report and makes so many recommendations that are considered radical by conservative designers that its rules should not be followed as a whole, at present, without due study.
Portions of the 1916 and 1924 reports are reprinted in this text and in its appendix, and some consideration is given to certain of the questions raised by their varying requirements. Whenever the Joint Committee is mentioned in the pages that follow, reference is to the present committee and its current (1924) report, unless otherwise stated. Concrete is artificial stone made by cementing together into a solid mass a mixture of inert material such as sand and broken stone, gravel or other aggregate. The cementing material almost universally used for reinforced concrete work is Portland cement, the only exception of note being the alumina cements recently put on the market. Both these cements are extremely fine powders, made from definite but differing proportions of argillaceous and calcareous materials, The American 'Society of Civil Engineers, American Society for Testing Materials, American Railway Engineering Association, American Concrete Institute and the Portland Cement Association. Reinforced concrete, which when wet with the proper amount of water, become chemically active and hardens. Concrete is easily given any desired shape by pouring the wet mixture of materials into suitable forms where the mass hardens. When the various ingredients are properly proportioned and mixed together the resulting product is hard, durable, strong in compression and shear, very weak in tension, brittle, and, when not reinforced, adapted for use only in relatively massive members subject to compression. In combination with steel rods properly placed to resist the tensile stresses, concrete may be used for all types of structural members. This reinforcement is made possible by the adhesion of the concrete to the steel which prevents slipping between the two materials, and forces the member to act as a unit as it deforms under load. Experience has shown that, generally speaking, steel embedded sufficiently, in concrete is fully protected against corrosion and against fire. The required depth of protective concrete covering varies with the shape of the piece, the aggregate and the intensity of the exposure. There are in existence today examples of concrete construction dating back to Roman times and even earlier. The cement used by these early builders was not true cement but a mixture of hydrated lime and volcanic ash, a product known today as slag or Puzzolan cement. The first true hydraulic cementing material, that is, one that hardens under water, was made about 1756 by the English engineer, John Smeaton, as a result of his searches for a proper binding material for building the third Eddystone Lighthouse. This product is known today as hydraulic lime. Another Englishman, James Parker, in 1796, made the first natural cement by calcimine and grinding an argillaceous limestone. In 1824 Joseph Aspdin of Leeds patented Portland cement, a much superior product, though crude judged by the more refined products of today. The name Portland was chosen on account of the resemblance of the hardened cement to the building stone quarried on the Isle of Portland. The industry did not begin to develop actively either in England or on the continent until about the middle of the last century. In the United States natural cement was first made in 1818 by Canvas White and Portland cement in 1872 by David 0. Saylor.
Cutting and/or enlarging door, window and bulkhead openings in concrete foundations.
Cutting 1" to 24" diameter perfectly round core holes for electrical, plumbing or vents in concrete floors and foundations.
Cutting and dicing concrete floors, concrete walkways, concrete patios or concrete pool decks for easy removal and/or neat patching.
Cutting trenches in concrete floors for plumbing, electrical, sump pumps, French drains or other utilities.
We cut and remove concrete, stone or masonry walls, floors, walkways, patios and stairs.