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The City of Malden is located in Massachusetts. It lies 6 miles away from Boston in the north. Routes 28, 60, 99 and U.S. 1 run through the city. Malden is connected to Boston by the Orange Line Subway System and the MBTA commuter Railway System.Besides the railways, MBTA also runs a bus service in Malden and in the surrounding settlements. Being so close to Boston, Malden is a great location for commuters and was also given the title “the best place to raise your kids” in Massachusetts in 2009, by the Bloomberg Businessweek.
The area where Malden lies today was once owned by the Pennacook Indian Tribe. The puritans purchased the land from the Indian tribe in 1629, and they settled down around1640 in the region. Originally the city was part of Charleston and was called “Mistick Side”. Malden was officially incorporated as a separate settlement in 1649. Joseph Hills, an early settler and landlord chose the name Malden for this new settlement, after Maldon in England. Malden originally included the neighboring cities of Melrose until 1850 and Everett until 1870.
Malden was involved in resisting the oppression of Britain. They protested against the Revenue Act of 1766 by boycotting the tea consumption. Malden was also the first city to issue a petition for the independence of the colonial government.
Malden was not only a pioneer in supporting the US independence but in same-sex marriages as well. In 2004, the first same-sex couple from Malden got married at the Cambridge City Hall.
There were 59,450 citizens at the time at the 2010 Census. This number included 25,161 households and 13,575 families. The population density was 11,788.6 people per square miles. The average size of a household was 2.42 and the average size of a family was 3.13.
The demographic composition of Malden was 19.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% between the ages 18 and 24, 36.9% between the ages of 25 and 44, 20.8% between 45 and 64, and 13.9% of 65 years of age or older.
The median household income was $45,654, and the median family income was $55,557at the time of the census. Approximately 9.2 of the population of Malden was below the poverty line in 2010.
In 2010, 37 percentage of the citizens of Malden was bornoutside of the United States. The percentage of the foreign-born population in Malden was the second-highest within Massachusetts, after Chelsea.
The Malden Public Schools operate the public school system in the region. There are five elementary and middle schools, the Ferryway, Beebe, Linden, Forestdale and the Salemwood Schools. There is one high school in Malden, the Malden High School. Besides the public options, children can also attend the Mystic Valley Regional Charter High School and theMalden Catholic High School. Interestingly, the Malden High School was the most diverse public high school in Massachusetts in 2013.
Are You in Malden Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
If the forms on the lower side of the dam are well braced, the forms on the upstream side may be removed in three or four days, and the pond allowed filling the forms on the downstream face should be left in place well braced for two or three weeks No finish need be given to the surface. Concrete walls are everywhere being built in preference to stone, on account of the lower cost and thinner walls which are usually required. Unless stone can be laid at practically no expense, the concrete is cheaper. Every wall should have a footing, that is, a base wider than the wall it supports, and must be carried down below the frost line. The depth of such footings, therefore, must be varied according to the section of country in which the work is being done. In general, they should be about 4 feet below the ground level in the Northern and Middle States, and about 3 feet in the Southern States, while in very mild climates 2 feet will be sufficient. The footing should be not less than 4 to inches thick and should extend about the same distance each side of the wall. Care must be taken to see that the foundation is not placed on a soft and yielding soil. Where the soil is unsuitable, either excavate until rock or a better material is found, fill in up to frost line with gravel and tamp it well while placing. When there is any danger of this filling of gravel forming a pocket in which the water will accumulate, dig a ditch away from the wall so that the water will run off.
Cellar or basement walls must withstand the earth pressure that comes upon them. This pressure varies with the depth of the cellar or basement, and hence the thickness of the walls should vary with the depth as shown in the following table: The thicknesses are less than for a retaining wall out of doors because the weight of the building and the floor timbers strengthen it. The back of the wall may batter or slope to save concrete. If the concrete form is vertical then use bottom thickness for the full height. The earth must not be filled in against the back of the wall until three or four weeks after placing the concrete unless the forms and bracing are left in place in front. Where there is no earth pressure against the wall let the forms remain not less than 24 hours, or until the concrete will withstand the pressure of the thumb. A simple design for cellar or foundation walls: (a) of the figure represents view of an ordinary form, 2-inch by 4-inch braces being attached to the studs as braces; the form sides do not extend to the bottom so as to allow the concrete to flow out and form a spread footing; (b) represents a wall for which the bank of earth serves as one side of the form. This condition may occur when the soil is of a clayey nature, which does not cave in, or where the new wall is being built against an old one. Cellar or basement walls should be laid with one part Portland cement to two and one-half parts coarse sand and five parts of broken stone or screened gravel. As concrete is the best material for cellar walls or footings of any kind, it is often used for this purpose even where the rest of the building is of wood or any other material. The building foundation should be brought up to the required height above the ground level. To attach the wood superstructure to the concrete foundation place on the concrete, imbedding it in mortar, the wood sill, which is made with the ends halved and bolted together. In the West, where the winds are very strong, this sill must be bolted to the concrete; this is done by placing occasional bolts in the concrete when laying it, letting the nut end protrude above the foundation to bolt through the sill. Holes can then be bored in the sill to fit over the protruding bolts and the nuts placed, thus firmly securing it. Concrete walls above the cellar may be built either as a single solid wall or as two walls with an air space between them. Such an air space renders the building less subject to changes of temperature and more completely moisture proof, but it is more expensive.
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