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Everett is a city, located 4 miles to the north of Boston. It belongs to the Boston Metropolitan area, which is among the biggest metropolitan areas in North America with its population over 4,700,000. The city has a total area of 3.7 square miles of which 7.63% is water, according to the United States Census Bureau.
The first settlers came to the area of Everett in the 1630’s. Everett became part of Charlestown and later, Malden. Everett became an independent town by 1870, and got officially incorporated. Then, as the population had been growing steadily, Everett gained the city title by 1892. The first mayor was Alonzo H. Evans, defeating George E. Smith.
The Name of Everett was granted to honor Edward Everett, who was a U.S. Representative and Senator, fifteenth Governor of Massachusetts, Secretary of State and Minister to Great Britain.
Everett had the first ever Marine Terminal of the country that began to import liquefied natural gas, in 1971.
There were 41,667 residents living in Everett as of the 2010 Census. This included 15,435 households and 9,554 families. The average size of a household was 2.45 while the average family size was 3.11.
The population consisted of 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% between 18 and 24, 34.8% between 25 and 44, 19.9% between 45 and 65 and 14.7% of 65 years or older. 36 years was the median age in Everett.
The median household income was $49,737, and the median family income was $49,867. The per capita income in Everett was $23,867. Approximately 11.9% of the population was under the poverty line, among which there was 16.9% those under the age of 18 and 10% of those who were 65 or older.
As of the census, 33% of the residents were born outside of the USA. The racial makeup of Everett included 53.6% Whites, 21.1% were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 14.3% African Americans, 4.8% Asians, 0.4% Pacific Islanders.
Everett has itsown educational system. There are six elementary schools, five middle schools, and one high school in the city. There are also different kind of private schooling opportunities, including the Pope John XXIII High School.
The schools are represented in the government by the Everett School Committee. They are responsible for creating programs that meet the demands of the community of Everett, and deciding about the budget. The superintendent and the administrative staff of the Committee participate in the board meetings. The members of the Committee are elected for two-year periods.
Everett had the last existing bicameral legislature of the United States that consisted of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and a Common Council that had 18 members. In 2001 the city switched to a unicameral body with 11 members.
The current Mayor of Everett is Carlo DeMaria, and the one unicameral City Council gathers every second and fourth Monday in each month.
Are You in Everett Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
The capacity of the concrete plant must be known therefore to design forms, since they must be figured for a head equal to the depth which will be poured during the time of initial set. It is not common practice to design ordinary concrete members for the use of stock widths of lumber although there would seem to be economy in so doing for many jobs. Building a form for concrete is just the opposite of the older carpentry problems, for it is building outside .a surface instead of inside. The ordinary concrete form is a surface of boards, plank, or steel plate supported by joists and posts with the necessary braces. Posts and braces are usually adjusted to length with a pair of wedges. (See Plate II.) This allows the strain to be taken off for removal. There are three steps in the use and cost of a concrete form: making, erecting and removing. The making, including material, is the most expensive step; consequently, economy is affected by reusing as many times as possible. To facilitate this, forms are usually made up in panels of convenient sizes. Beams and column sides and beam bottoms are usually single panels, and slab forms are divided into panels of a convenient size for handling. (See Plates III and IV.) Where there is little chance for reuse and large plane surfaces are to be formed, it is sometimes cheaper to build forms like an ordinary joist floor. To improve surfaces, prevent absorption and facilitate removal, a coating of mineral oil is sometimes used on form surfaces of the better grade that are to be reused. Column and wall forms should have clean surfaces. The minimum time will vary from 48 hours for walls and columns to 7 days for slabs and 10 days for beams at a standard 70 degree average setting temperature. This time should be increased if members are carrying load beside their own weight. Lower temperature delays setting. Figure 8 gives an idea of the time of setting at different temperatures compared with the time required at 70 degrees.
The time forms remain in place should be at least that required for normal 70 degree set increased by the ratio of setting time at the average temperature to the setting time at 70 degrees, the time when the temperature is below 40 degrees not being considered. It is sometimes desirable to leave forms in place to prevent premature drying of the concrete. The ordinary formulas used for steel and timber beams apply only to members of homogeneous material and accordingly are not directly applicable to composite beams of steel and concrete. The special formulas which have been devised for reinforced concrete are numerous and somewhat complicated but simple of solution with the help of the charts and tables in common use. Unfortunately the beginner finds them a serious obstacle as he attempts to get an understanding of the few basic principles of reinforced concrete design and he often falls into the fatal habit of using them blindly. More unfortunately still, he often becomes dependent upon formulas and incapable of solving problems without a list of them at hand. It is to his advantage, therefore, to master the fundamental principles of composite beams before attempting to use, or even to derive these special formulas, with their involved notation, and before attacking problems that bring in the confusing details of actual design. This is easily done since nearly all problems of stress in reinforced concrete members may be solved by the ordinary methods made familiar to the student by his study of structural pieces of homogeneous material, methods and formulas being made applicable by transforming the steel-concrete .section into its equivalent in the one material, concrete. Anyone who has mastered the method of the "transformed section" not only understands the derivation and use of the standard reinforced concrete formulas but also is independent of them and their necessary accompaniments, tables and plots, an independence conducive to self-confidence and often very desirable in emergencies.
Everett Massachusetts Concrete Cutting and Core Drilling