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The Town of Clinton lies approximately 40 miles away from Boston on the bank of Wachusett Reservoir Lake. It was first named ‘the Mill District of Lancaster’ until the establishers renamed it. Max provides intercity service in the area, and connects Clinton with Northampton, Fitchburg, Amherst and Worcester with intermediate stops.
The first settlers came to the area of Clinton in 1654. That time it was officially part of Lancaster. By 1848, an unexpected growth of population took place, and the industrial development also contributed to its independence. Therefore, It was officially incorporated later, on the 14th of March, 1850, After two years of negotiations. The town was named Clinton by the founders Erastus Brigham Bigelow and his brother after their favorite place, the DeWitt Clinton Hotel in New York.
The Great Depression affected Clinton as well. Like many mill towns in Massachusetts, local businesses moved or closed forever. Fortunately, these mill buildings were rediscovered again in the 1970-80s by modernbusinessmen, and reopened their gates, continuing to be successful.
Clinton became an industrialized mill town, using hydropower. They built the Wachusett Dam in 1897 with which they filled up the Wachusett Reservoir by 1908. This act also flooded part of Clinton as well so they had to relocate part of the town. The basin of the lake reservoir had a capacity of 63,068,000,000 gallons of waterwhich made it the largest municipal reservoir in the world ofthat time. According to the Bureau of the US Census, the Town has a total area of 7.3 square miles of which over 20% is water. Nashua River flows through the town as well.
Like most of the towns in New England, Clinton uses the Open Town Meeting system. Any citizen can attend this annual Town Meeting but only registered voters may vote. The Town Meeting represents the legislative branch of the Government. The Executive branch is represented by the 5-member board of selectmen. They are: Marc S. Iacobucci - Chairman, William F. Connolly, Jr. - Vice-Chair, David J. Sargent – Clerk, James J. LeBlanc and Michael J. Dziokonski. Their membership has a term of 3 years. They have the general direction and management of property of affairs in Clinton. Michael J. Ward is the Town Administrator, and Joyce A.Corbosiero is the Administrative Assistant, supporting the Board of Selectmen in their work.
At the census of 2000, there were 13,435 residents in Clinton. This population included 5,597 households and 3,397 families. The population density during the census was 2,387 people per square mile.
The population was built up by 23% under the age of 18,7.8% between 18 and 24, 32.9% between 25 and 44, 21.3% between 45 and 64, and 15% was 65 years old or older. The median age of Clinton was 37 years. The median household income in Clinton was $44,740, and the median family income was $53,308. The per capita income was $22,764. About 7.1% of the whole population of Clinton was below the Poverty line.
Are You in Clinton Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
Lumber for the making of concrete forms is usually priced per 1,000 F.B.M. One F.B.M. is a one-inch board one foot long and twelve inches wide, or a two-inch plank one foot long and six inches wide. On The Cement Centennial in 1924 somebody called portland cement the "Magic of Concrete." It's not far from the truth when you stop to think about it. Limestone and shale are ground together to the fineness of talcum powder, run into an enormous rotating kiln, where the mixture is burned at hell-roaring white heat until it forms a new chemical substance, discharged from the kiln as a hard clinker, and finally ground again to a gray powder—the finished cement. The making of cement is not a simple nor a small scale process—at all stages of its manufacture it is under close chemical and physical control and a plant to make it costs at least a million dollars. Yet in hardly any section of the country does the material cost as much as a cent a pound, and it will set into a hard, stone-like mass when mixed with a little water and six to eight times its own weight of sand and gravel. Because cement will stand a lot of abuse, there is a tendency for users to think of concrete merely as a mixture of cement, aggregates, and water, and let it go at that. It is the purpose of this little talk to mention some of the things that are involved in making good concrete and avoiding poor concrete. It won't interest the technical expert or the large contractor particularly, but it may hopefully be of some use to the contractor or builder who doesn't have a large organization and who must depend upon his own knowledge and experience to plan and execute the work he undertakes. Of all the concrete troubles that can be traced to materials, the great majority are usually related in some way to poor sand. This matter of sand is so important that it is hard to understand the general indifference among concrete men regarding this particular material. Fortunately for our purpose here, it is easier to specify what a sand should not be than exactly what it should be, and we believe that the simple tests described on this web site, which every contractor can use to his great advantage, will serve either as a safeguard against bad sand or as a warning against questionable sand.
Sand may be unsuitable in three respects:
1. It may be too fine or otherwise poorly graded.
2. It may contain dangerous organic matter.
The gradation of sand is perhaps its most important characteristic in relation to its concrete- making value. The usual limits for fine and coarse sands are described and illustrated on pages 103 to 105 of this book. A simple recommended test which any one can make to judge the gradation of sand is as follows: Sift a handful of the dry sand on a No. 30 sieve. If the sand is first-class concrete sand, this sieve will divide it into, roughly, equal parts, the larger fraction being retained on the sieve. If most of the sand passes through the sieve, it is too fine, and if nearly all is retained on the sieve, it is too coarse. A No. 4 sieve can also be used to advantage in case the sand contains any appreciable amount of gravel, or in case pit-run material is being tested. It is customary nowadays to designate sand particles coarser than a No. 4 sieve as gravel, and the No. 30 sieve should be used on the sand after the gravel has been removed.
While the gradation of concrete sand was said to be its most important characteristic, the presence of organic compounds may be a very serious matter in extreme cases. This is a contamination which comes from the slow leaching of water through decomposed overlying vegetable matter, which results in coating the sand grains with an invisible trace of a substance that may interfere seriously with the proper setting of the cement.
Clinton Massachusetts Concrete Cutting and Core Drilling