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Hudson is situatedin Middlesex County in Massachusetts, located 30 miles in the west ofBoston. The town has a total area of 11.5 square miles of which 2.87% is water. Near Hudson,there is the Lake Boon which used to be an attractive holiday destination but by today it is a residential area. The Assabet River flows through Hudson as well.
Interstates 495 and 290 and routes 85 and 62 run through Hudson making transportation easy.
Before the first settlers arrived, the area of Hudson belonged to the Praying Indians. The area was a plantation that time. The Indians who were evicted from this land never returned, even after the war of King Philip ended.
John Barned was granted an acre of land from the area and started to build a gristmill. A year later, as the mill was standing, a settlement started to be formed around it.
This early settlement was named Feltonville and was part of Marlborough. Residents first wanted to gain independence in 1743 with a petition, but this attempt was rejected by the Massachusetts General Court. The residents gave it another try in 1885 and that time their petition was accepted. The town got incorporated as an independent settlement in 1996. It was namedHudson after Charles Hudson, who donated $500 for the construction of the town library, with a condition to name the town after him.
In the late 1800’s, the economy of Hudson flourished. Several mills and factories were built together with banks and five schools. By the end of the century, the number of residents reached 5,500. A disastrous fire incident made a huge damage in the town in 1894, but the town was rebuilt 2 years later.
After 1900, a power plant was built providing electricity to the wealthiest families. The factories of Hudson continues to grow and started to hire immigrants from England, Germany, Portugal, Lithuania, and fromother European countries. The immigration was so intensein the town that by today, most of the people are of Irish or Portuguese origin.
Due to the attractive job opportunities in the factories, a large number of immigrants settled down in Hudson in the 20th century. By the census of 2000, there were 18,113 residents in Hudson. This number included 6,990 households and 4,844 families. The age composition of Hudson was 24% under the age of 18,6.7% between 18 and 24, 33.5% between 25 and 44, 23.6% between 45 and 64, and 12.2% of those who were 65 years old or older.
The median household income for Hudson was $58,549, and the median family income was $70,125. The per capita income was $26,679. Approximately 4.5% of the population was below the poverty line in 2000.
There are four elementary schools in Hudson, these are the Carmela A. Farley, the Joseph L. Mulready, the Forest Avenue and the Cora Hubert schools. Then, children can continue their studies in David J. Quinn and John F. Kennedy middle schools. Children can finish their studies in the Hudson or the Assabet Valley Regional Technical High Schools.
A Standard Mixture for reinforced floors, beams and columns, for arches, for reinforced engine or machine foundations subject to vibrations, for tanks, sewers, conduits and other, water-tight work: Proportions—i :2 :4; that is, one barrel (4 bags) packed Portland cement to two barrels (7.6 cubic feet) loose sand to four barrels (15.2 cubic feet) loose gravel or broken stone. A Medium Mixture for ordinary machine foundations, retaining walls, abutments, piers, thin foundation walls, building walls, ordinary floors, sidewalks and sewers with heavy walls: One barrel (4 bags) packed Portland cement to two and one-half barrels loose sand to five barrels (19 cubic feet) loose gravel or broken stone. A Lean Mixture for unimportant work in masses, for heavy walls, for large foundations supporting a stationary load and for backing for stone masonry: Proportions—i 3 :6; that is, one barrel (4 bags) packed Portland cement to three barrels (11.4 cubic feet) loose sand to six barrels (22.8 cubic feet) loose gravel or broken stone. Green timber is preferable, for, if seasoned, it is likely to FORMS swell and warp when brought in contact with moisture from the concrete. White pine is best, but fir, yellow pine or spruce is also suitable.
If a smooth surface is desired, the form boards or planks next to the concrete must be planed and the edges tongued and grooved or beveled. Grease the inside of forms with either soap, linseed oil, mixed lard and kerosene, or crude oil, that is, petroleum, otherwise particles of concrete will stick to the forms when they are removed, thus giving an unnecessarily rough surface to the face of the concrete should not be greased when it is intended to plaster the surface of the concrete, but should be thoroughly wet immediately before placing the concrete. Lay the sheathing or form boards horizontally. These may be of i-inch, i3/2-inch or 2-inch lumber, the distance apart of the studding being governed by the thickness of sheathing selected. Place the studs not more than 2 feet apart for i-inch sheathing, nor more than 5 feet apart for 2-inch sheathing. They should be securely braced to withstand the pressure of the soft concrete, also of the ramming and tamping. In building forms do not drive the nails all the way home. Leave the heads out so that it is possible to draw them with a claw hammer. The least amount of hammering done around green concrete is better. Avoid cracks in forms into which the mortar will force itself and form the surface of the work. The length of time the forms should be left in place varies with conditions. Where no pressure is brought to bear on the concrete, forms can be removed within one-half to two days, or as soon as the concrete will withstand the pressure of the thumb without indentation. On very small work, like drain tile, two to four hours is sufficient time, provided it is carefully handled and left in place until thoroughly hard.
On large and important walls one to three days are generally required, and if any water or earth pressure comes against the walls the forms should be left in place from three to four weeks. Slab forms can be removed in about one week, but the supporting posts under any beams and slabs must not be touched for a month after laying the concrete. Concrete forms are kept from separating or bulging either by using bolts or by wiring. Bolts as a general rule are more satisfactory on large work than wire, but as they cannot always be conveniently obtained, wires are used extensively. In Fig. 3 are sketched both methods for holding side forms together. The spacers are only placed between the forms to hold them the proper distance apart, and must be removed after some of the concrete is placed. Where wires are used, the forms are drawn together by twisting, as shown in the figure.
Cutting and/or enlarging door, window and bulkhead openings in concrete foundations.
Cutting 1" to 24" diameter perfectly round core holes for electrical, plumbing or vents in concrete floors and foundations.
Cutting and dicing concrete floors, concrete walkways, concrete patios or concrete pool decks for easy removal and/or neat patching.
Cutting trenches in concrete floors for plumbing, electrical, sump pumps, French drains or other utilities.
We cut and remove concrete, stone or masonry walls, floors, walkways, patios and stairs.