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Salisbury Massachusetts - A True Holiday Place Filled With Diverse Elements
Salisbury is a small town in the Essex county, of us. The population of the town was around 8283 as per the 2010 survey. The society is a well known to be the summer resort beach small town located on Atlantic ocean, north of the Boston on new Hampshire border. Portions of small city comprise the census-designated locality of Salisbury.
This was once the territory of Pentucket tribe of the Penacook Indians. The Salisbury town was founded by the English people during 1698 as the Colchester, and included during 1640 as the Salisbury. The original paths at the mid of the town composed a compact semicircle that enabled the citizens to rapidly reach the garrison home in situation of attack. Those paths yet exits, although the shape today is trilateral, being connected by bridge road, school street and elm street. One of the two biggest fears at the span was Naumkeag people of Indians, therefore the men of the place took turns by watching giants a surprise attack, particularly at night. A Naumkeag however had been killed by the plague and the ultimatum was not what it once may have been. The second warning came from the wolves that were plentiful and that decimated the dug and livestock in the graveyard.
The Salisbury town lies amidst the northern end of united stated route 1 in the Massachusetts. It enters the place through Newburyport Turnpike Bridge and leads in roughly S formed path via the mid of the city to New Hampshire border. Before to the construction of the bridge, the south road of the town hub was east of its present locality, leading along the Ferry path to a ferry landing that bonded the city to Newburyport. The city even constitutes the northern terminal of interstate 95 in the Massachusetts and of I 495 that lies just ¼ mile to the city at I-95 Exit 59. Exit 60 provides access to both the New Hampshire Route 286/ Massachusetts, and Route 1 that offers access to beaches. The eastern terminal of Massachusetts Path 110 is in the Salisbury and accesses interstate 95 at exit 95, just across the Amesbury city line. The northernmost section of Massachusetts Path 1A passes via city, entering together with Path 1 prior heading east from the city center and turning north side along Salisbury Beach to bond New Hampshire Path 1A.
If a deposit of concrete containing exactly the right amount of clay, and of exactly uniform composition, could be found, Reinforced concrete and Portland cement could be made from it, simply by burning and grinding. For good results, however, the composition of the raw material must be exact, and the proportion of carbonate of lime in it must not vary even by one Centigrade No natural deposit of rock of exactly this correct and unvarying composition is known or likely ever to be found; therefore Reinforced concrete and Portland cement is always made from an artificial mixture, usually, if free from organic matter, containing about 75 percent carbonate of lime and 25 percent clay. As stated before, Reinforced concrete and Portland cement is stronger than natural cement; it sets more slowly, which is-frequently a matter of great advantage, and yet its rate of setting is seldom so slow that it is a disadvantage. Although the cost is usually greater than that of natural cement, yet improved methods of manufacture have reduced its cost so that it is now usually employed for all high- grade work where high ultimate strength is an important consideration. In a general way, it may be said that the characteristics of reinforced concrete and Portland cement on which its value as a material to be used in construction work chiefly depends may be briefly indicated as follows When the cement is mixed with water and allowed to set, it should harden in a few hours, and should develop a considerable proportion of its ultimate strength in a few days.
It should also possess the quality of permanency so that no material change in form or volume will take place on account of its inherent qualities or as the result of exterior agencies. There is always found to be more or less of shrinkage in the volume of cement and concrete during the process of setting and hardening; but with any cement of really good quality, this shrinkage is not so great as to prove objectionable. Another very important characteristic is that the cement shall not lose its strength with age. Although some long-time tests of cement have apparently indicated a slight decrease in the strength of cement after the first year or so, this decrease is nevertheless so slight that it need not affect the design of concrete, even assuming the accuracy of the general statement. To insure absolute dependence on the strength and durability of any cement which it is proposed to use in important structural work, it is essential that the qualities of the cement be determined by thorough tests.
The thorough testing of cement, as it is done for the largest public works, should properly be done in a professional testing laboratory. A textbook of several hundred pages has recently been written on this subject. The ultimate analysis and testing of cement, both chemically and physically, is beyond the province of the ordinary engineer. But the ordinary engineer does have frequent occasion to obtain cement in small quantities when testing in professional laboratories is inconvenient or unduly expensive. Fortunately it is possible to make some simple tests without elaborate apparatus which will at least show whether the cement is radically defective and unfit for use. It is unfortunately true that an occasional barrel of even the best brand of cement will prove to be very inferior to the standard output of that brand. This practically means that in any important work, using a large quantity of cement, it is not sufficient to choose a brand, as the result of preliminary favorable tests, and then accept all shipments without further test. Several barrels in every carload should be sampled for testing. It is not too much to prescribe that every barrel should be tested by at least a few of the simpler forms of testing given below. The following methods of testing are condensed from the progress report of the Concrete Committee on Uniform Tests of Cement, as selected by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
Cutting and/or enlarging door, window and bulkhead openings in concrete foundations.
Cutting 1" to 24" diameter perfectly round core holes for electrical, plumbing or vents in concrete floors and foundations.
Cutting and dicing concrete floors, concrete walkways, concrete patios or concrete pool decks for easy removal and/or neat patching.
Cutting trenches in concrete floors for plumbing, electrical, sump pumps, French drains or other utilities.
We cut and remove concrete, stone or masonry walls, floors, walkways, patios and stairs.