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Manchester-by-the-sea, or shorter, Manchester is located on Cape Ann,along the North Shore of Massachusetts Bay. The distance between Manchester and Boston is approximately 25 miles.
The MBTA service has a stop in Manchester along the Newburyport/Rockport line, which provides an easy access to Boston for the commuters. There is no direct bus service to Manchester. Route 127 and 128 run thorough the own.
Manchester has a total area of 18.3 square miles of which 49.47% is water. There are seven beaches along the coastline of Manchester and several islands dot the coast as well. The area of Manchester contains several protected areas such as the Cedar Swamp Conservation Area, Coolidge Reservation, Dexter Pond, Cheever Commons Conservation Area, Powder House Hill Reservation, Owl's Nest Nature Preservation Land, and Wyman Hill Conservation Area.
The first settlers from Europe came to Manchester in 1629, and was officially incorporated as a separate town in 1645, taking lands from Gloucester and Salem. The town officially got its name in 1989, after a closed town meeting.
The early community of Machester mainly dealt with fishing for over 200 years. The economy of the town shifted towards being a summer colony area of Boston in 1845. Over the following years, many citizens of Boston built holiday houses in Manchester. This trend resulted in the appearance of the ‘summer cottages’ which carry the features of the well know architecture-style of the era.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,136 residents in Manchester which included 2,147 households and 1,444 families. The average size of a household was 2.39 and the average size of a family was 2.96.
The demographic composition of the town was 25.1% under the age of 19, 3% between 20 and 24 years, 17.2% between 25 and 44, 34.9% between the ages 45 and 64, and 16.6% of those of 65 years or older. The median age in 2010 was 47.6 years.
The median household income of Manchester was $117,063 and the median family income was $143,750.The per capita income of the town was $69,269. Approximately 5.1% of the population was below the povertyline.
As most of the towns in Massachusetts, Manchester uses the open town meeting form of government. The legislative branch of government is represented by the town meeting which anyone can attend but only registered voters may vote. The executive branch of government is represented by the five-member Board of Selectmen, who are elected for staggered three-year terms.
The Manchester EssexRegional School Districtruns the public schools in the area. There is one publicelementary school, the Manchester Memorial Elementary School. There is one middle school, the Manchester Essex Regional Middle School. Then, children can finish their secondary studies in the Manchester Essex Regional High School. There is also one private pre-k and KG school, the Tara Montessori School with 21 students.
Are You in Manchester Sea Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
We perform concrete cutting in Manchester-by-the-Sea Massachusetts.
A solid concrete wall 6 inches thick is at least equivalent to 12 inches of brick. Walls 6 inches in thickness should be reinforced with vertical rods.
I/ inch in diameter placed 18 inches apart and with horizontal rods '/ inch in diameter placed 12 inches apart. Additional rods must be placed at corners and diagonally across the corners of all openings. Walls of small buildings, such as hen houses, may be made 4 inches thick with the same reinforcement described. Where hollow wall construction is used, make each of the walls 4 inches thick and about g inches apart, and tie together with galvanized-iron strips, or place piers of concrete 4 feet apart to connect the two together. Where such piers are used they are built at the same time as the two walls, making practically one wall with air chambers at regular intervals. A very simple method to construct a hollow wall is by using 2-inch planed plank, as shown in Fig. 31 (p. 102).
Fig. 318 shows a design of wall forms for building a solid wall of any height. The form sections are each made 2 feet high and the length depends upon the length of boards at hand. A 2-foot section made of 1-inch boards10feet long weighs 55 pounds, which can therefore be handled easily by one man. The cleats are made to lap over the top of the form i'/ to 2 inches, in order to catch the next section placed on top of the one just filled with concrete. Notice, also, that the cleat at one end projects beyond the form bracing so as to catch the next section and hold it in place. Use bolts for holding the forms together, as they are better than wires, which cut into the cleats and spring the forms apart. The bolt holes left in the wall, as shown in Fig. 18, are a means of constructing very efficient and cheap scaffolding. All bolts should be well greased so that they can be readily removed. After completing the wall the bolt holes can be filled with mortar mixed in the same proportion as the concrete so that the color will be the same as the wall. Sometimes a building is built with a wood superstructure on top of concrete walls which are only from four to eight feet above the ground. In this case the wood superstructure can be attached to the concrete walls in the same manner as described on page 63 for connecting a wood building to a concrete foundation.
Excavate below frost and build forms 2 feet square to within 6 inches of surface of ground. Fill with concrete, one part granulated Portland Cement, two and one-half parts clean, coarse sand and five parts broken stone or screened gravel, not over one inch in size, and tamp or puddle carefully. From the center of this foundation build a hollow form one foot square and to desired height, and fill with concrete of same mixture. Before the form is filled—in fact, before setting it—place four steel bars 3/4 inch in diameter vertically so that they are about 2 inches inside the corners, and around them, at intervals of one foot, wind loops of 4-inch or Y4-inch-wire, tying these to the steel rods with fine wire.
Make the concrete soft and mushy, so that it will just flow, and, as it is poured into the top of the mold, work a long paddle, made like the oar of a rowboat, against the forms to force the stones away from the surface and drive out bubbles of air which tend to adhere to the boards and form pockets of stone. A column xo inches square, the smallest size it is usually desirable to build unless it is quite short, will safely support 15 tons, or 30,000 pounds. Steps and stairs are of two kinds: those made in one piece, monolithic, and those cast in separate moulds and put into place. There are numerous ways of arriving at the same end, and each man in charge of such work must use his ingenuity in the use of the materials at hand, and adopt the method best suited to his requirements. Specifications are given for four ways of making steps and stairs, all of which have proved successful.
Manchester Massachusetts Concrete Cutting and Core Drilling