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Lynnfield is a town is Essex County, located approximately 15 miles away from Boston. The town used to consist of two separate villages with the same governing body. These villages were the largely agricultural Lynnfield center and the South Lynnfield with its mixed community. When these two villages merged, Lynnfield became the most prosperous suburbs in Essex County.
Today, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles of which 5.58% is water. The Ipswich River marks the northern border of the town. There are also several ponds in the region, including SuntaugLake, Reedy Meadow, or Pilings Pond. A piece of the Lynn Woods Reservation lies in the southeastern corner of the town.
Interstate 95 and Route 1, 128 and 129 run through the town. There is no commuter rail service in town, a stop of the Haverhill/Reading line of the MBTA commuter railway stops west of the town.The nearest international airport is Boston’s Logan International Airport.
The first settlers came to the area of today’s Lynnfield in 1638. Lynnfield got separated from Lynn in 1872. In 1814, Lynnfield was incorporated and an independent town. In the history, Lynnfield consisted of two villages, with one governing body. During this time, the towns had a granite quarry, a bottler, eating institutions, and two inns.
The “Newburyport Turnpike” was the local name for the stagecoach line from Boston to Portsmouth, and is also ran throughSouth Lynnfield. This route later became the US Route 1. Many people moved to the north along this road from Boston during the post-World War II. population surge, and settled in small towns. Due to this surge, Lynnfield has become as one of the largest, modern and mainly residential suburb of Boston.
The census of 2010 reported about 11,596 residents living in Lynnfield. This number included 4,179 households and 3,267 families. The population density was 1,143 people per square miles at the time of the census. The average size of a household was 2.77, and the average size of a family was 3.20.
The age distribution of the town was 25.3% under the age of 18, 5.7% betweenthe ages 18 and 24, 19.6%between the ages25 and 44, 31.7% betweenthe ages of 45 and 64, and 17.7% who were 65 or older. The median age in Lynnfield was 43 years.
The median household income of Lynnfield was $136,101, and the median family income was $95,804. The per capita income was $50,916.
As most of the towns in Massachusetts, Lynnfield uses the open town meeting form of government, with a 3 member board of selectmen that oversees the daily operation of the town.
The schools are operated by the Lynnfield Public Schools. Lynnfield’s school system has had one of the highest standardized test scores in the state. There are two elementary schools in Lynnfield, these are the Huckleberry Hill Elementary school and the Summer Street Elementary School. Children continue their studies in the Lynnfield Middle school and the Lynnfield High School.
Are You in Lynnfield Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
Make the tank about 2'/ inches thick and well reinforced. As soon as inside form is removed wet and brush with a layer of pure Portland Cement of the consistency of thin cream to make it water-tight. Keep the inside wet until it is to be used. Rain leaders or gutters are best constructed of concrete because they can be made for a very small cost, need no forms, are indestructible, and very attractive. Excavate a trench 4 inches deep by g inches wide in the sand or dirt from the end of the rain conductor to the required distance from the building. Make a small batch of concrete, in proportions one part granulated Portland cement to four parts unscree.ned sand and gravel, and fill the trench, hollowing out the surface and toweling a little to form the concrete trough. The water may be carried under the surface if desired by digging a deeper trench, placing it in a length of tin or sheet-iron pipe and surrounding this with concrete. When the pipe rusts out, the concrete tube will still remain.
Concrete retaining walls, in most localities, cost much less than rubble masonry. The design of the retaining walls shown in Fig. 15 is what is known as the gravity section, which means that the earth pressure is resisted by the weight of the wall. The following table gives the necessary dimensions and the amount of materials per foot of length of wall. The amount of material is figured, assuming that the concrete is made of one part Portland cement, two and one-half parts of clean, coarse sand, and five parts of screened gravel or stone. The foundation, as shown, is taken 4 feet below the ground level. In the Southern States, 3 feet, or even 2 feet, will be sufficient to get below the frost line. The exposed side or face of the retaining wall can be finished off in the same manner as described on page 27. The top surface must not be plastered or it will crack and is apt to peel off. The surface should be smoothed off with a trowel when the concrete is first laid, then as soon as it has begun to stiffen scrape off any light-colored scum with a wire brush or old curry comb, wet slightly, and trowel it, preferably with a wood float, but using no fresh mortar. If a darn is to be built more than 4 or 5 feet above the bed of the stream, an engineer should be called upon to design it and look after the construction. For an ice pond or a pond for watering stock a concrete dam may be built across a brook without difficulty. If possible, dig a temporary trench so as to carry the water around the dam while it is being built. If this cannot be done, run the water through a wooden concrete trough in the middle of the darn, and after the wall, each side of it, is finished, carry the forms across the opening, and make these tight enough so that the water is quiet between them; then place the concrete as described on page 26. Dig a trench across the stream slightly wider than the width of the base of the dam, carrying it down about 18 inches or 2 feet below the bed of the brook, or if the ground is soft, deep enough to reach good, hard bottom.
In case the earth is firm enough for a foundation, but is porous either under the darn or each side of it, sheet piling consisting of 2-inch tongued-and-grooved plank can be pointed and driven with a heavy wooden mallet so as to prevent the water flowing under or around the dam. Build the forms so as to make the wall of the dimensions shown in the table. Wet them thoroughly, then mix and place the concrete as described. Use proportions one part granulated Portland cement to two parts clean, coarse sand to four parts screened gravel or broken stone. Take special care to make the concrete water-tight by using a wet mix. If possible, lay the entire dam on one day, not allowing one layer to set before the next one is placed. If it is necessary to lay the concrete on two different days, scrape off the top surface of the old concrete in the morning, thoroughly soak it with water, and spread on a layer about ¼ inch thick of pure cement of the consistency of thick cream, then place the fresh concrete before this cement has begun to stiffen.
Lynnfield Massachusetts Concrete Cutting and Core Drilling