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Marlborough – or Marlboro - is a city, located approximately 28 miles in the west of Boston, the state capital. Marlborough belongs to Middlesex County. It became a prosperous industrial city by the 19th century and developed into a city with high technology industry by the 20th century. The city has a total area of 22 square miles of which 4.87% is water. The Assabet River flows through the town. There are three lakes: Lake Williams, Millham Reservoir and Fort Meadow Reservoir. The latter also has a portion near Hudson.
Interstates 495 and 290, and Routes 20 and 85 run through the city. The public transportation service is run by the MetroWest Regional Transit Authority that operates regional bus services.
Christopher Allen, who was the Marshal of the town from 1638, married to Mary Wetherbee. They settled down around the area of today’s Marlborough, together with other settlers. The Marshal could speak the Algonquian language. The marshal and his people were welcomed by the Pennacook Indian tribe that was living in the area because the settlers protected the tribe against other Indians that they were at war with.
The first Europeans settled in Marlborough in 1657. The town was incorporated in 1660 and was named after a market town in England.
The town was almost entirely destroyed during the King Philip’s war, but the town eventually managed to survive.
Originally, the town included the territories of Northborough, Southborough, Westborough and Hudson as well.
Shoe manufacturing became the major industry of the town after Samuel Boyd opened the first factory. Shoe manufacturing continued in the region long after other cities in New England shifted towards different industries. In fact, shoe manufacturing is still present in the city.
Marlborough was eventually incorporated as a city in 1890.
At the census of 2000, there were 36,255 residents living in Marlborough. This number included 14,501 households and 9,280 families. The population density was 1719.4 people per square miles.
The demographic composition of the city was 23.3% under the age of 18.7% between the ages of 18 and 24, 36.7% between 25 and 44, 21.5% between the ages 45 and 64, and 11.6% of those who were 65 years old or older. The median age of the citizens of Marlborough was 36.
The median household income was $56,879, and the median family income was $70,385. The per capita income for Marlborough was $28,723.
The Marlborough Public Schools operates the public educational institutions in the city. There is one preschool, the Early Childhood Center. There are three elementary schools: the Francis J.Kane,the Raymond C. Richerl, and the Sgt. Charles J. Jaworek schools. Marlborough has one Middle school,called 1LT Charles W. Whitcomb School. There are three public high schools in the city, these are the Marlborough High School, the Advanced Math and Science Academy Charter School, and the Assabet Valley Regional Technical High School. There are other private schooling options in Marlborough including Hillside School, or the Massachusetts International Academy.
Are You in Marlborough Massachusetts? Do You Need Concrete Cutting?
Concrete forms should not be removed from under the steps for 28 days. Should the steps be more than 6 feet wide, a wall similar to the two side walls may be built in the center. Sometimes it is easier to build a wall at the top and bottom of the steps instead of at the sides, and run the principal rods lengthwise of the flight, so that it is supported at top and bottom. In this case the supporting slab, whose thickness must be considered as the thinnest place in the steps, is designated in Fig. 21 by "A." The span, that is, the "distance apart of the beams," in the table is taken as the length of the horizontal projection of the stairs. The thickness of the slab and the diameter and spacing of the rods are given in the table. Select either size or spacing preferred. Steps cast separate from supporting walls should be made in advance and allowed to season. The sectional drawing illustrates this form of step. To build a single step, make form shown,14 inches x 7 inches inside measurement and i inch for projection, and fill as shown to within x inch of top with concrete, one part Portland Cement, three parts clean, coarse sand and six parts broken stone, tamped hard. As soon as this has stiffened, but before it has set, remove the board "a" next to the face of the concrete, which should not be fastened to the form, but simply set in and well greased. This will leave a space on the side and top of step, also a small mould for the projection at top of step. Fill this with wet mortar, one part Portland cement and one and one-half parts clean, coarse sand, and let set. The side forms may then be removed and used again. The two side walls for these steps may be 8 inches wide, spread at the base by allowing the concrete to flow out under the forms. The top is stepped off to conform to the bottom and back of steps (Fig. 23.) Place the steps on the walls thus made, after covering all joints with cement mortar, so that they overlap one another 2 inches. Reinforce all steps and stairs cast separately by iron bars placed about 1 inch above the bottom of the slab. Before one pours the concrete, a foundation of porous material, such as cinders or screened gravel, must be placed and as much care should be taken in laying this as the walk itself. Foundations should generally be 6 inches to 12 inches deep, depending upon the climate and character of the soil. In sections where there is a porous soil and a mild climate, foundations are sometimes omitted entirely. If the soil is clayey, blind drains of coarse gravel or tile pipe should be laid at the lowest points in the excavation, to carry off any water that might accumulate in the porous material of the foundation. Walks are frequently ruined by water freezing in the foundations and heaving them out of position. Excavate to the sub-grade previously determined upon, 3 inches wider on each side than the proposed walk, and fill with broken stone, gravel or cinders to within 4 inches of the proposed finished surface, wetting well and tamping in layers, so that when complete it will be even and firm, but porous. Place 2-inch x 4-inch scantlings (preferably dressed on inside and edge and perfectly straight) on top of the cinder foundation, the proper distance apart to form the inner and outer edges of the walk. The outside or curb strips must be i inch to 2 inches lower than the inner edge of the walk. This will give a slight incline to the finished surface and allow the water to run off. A good rule to follow is to allow Y8-inch slope to every foot of width of walk. For wide walks lay off the space between the scantlings into equal sections not larger than 6 feet square, put 2-inch X 4-inch scantlings crosswise and in the center, as shown in Fig. 24—this will make every alternate space, shown in figure by diagonal line, the size desired. Fill these spaces with concrete to a depth of 3 inches (this depth should be 4 inches where there is more than ordinary traffic, or where the blocks are 6 feet square)—one part Portland Cement, two parts clean, coarse sand, and four to five parts broken-stone or screened gravel—then tamp until water begins to show on top.
Marlborough Massachusetts Concrete Cutting and Core Drilling